Mexico City and Bicycles

February 15th, 2006 by David
The Outskirts of Mexico City

   Following a route suggested by a local cyclist, I biked into the valley where Mexico City, the world’s third largest metropolitan area, sits in a cloud of smog, people, and cars. Despite warnings of traffic and thieves, I stayed in the city over a week, enjoying the different colonial centers, parks, and people. Mexico city is huge, with both shacks and multimillionaire homes crawling up the sides of the valley. In my week in the city, I biked over 120 miles, stayed with three different people/families, managed to get in two major newspapers, visited a school (Logos middle school), and was interviewed by a local television station (which has subsequently flooded my inbox with emails from Mexicans excited about my trip).

Logos School in Mexico City
The Metro
The bike in the main square
That's a 'Mexico city bike lane' behind me
I am the fastest vehicle on the road.

   In comparison to Los Angeles, I felt safer biking in Mexico City as the cars are smaller, they travel slower, and there are far more small alternative routes. Entering the city during rush hour, I found I was the fastest vehicle on the road, happily following the makeshift ‘bike lane’ that appeared between the rows of cars stopped at a traffic light. It was a sweet type of revenge, and I enjoyed, perhaps too much, weaving in and around the multiple green buses and taxis. To be sure, it was exhausting. A map big enough to cover the city required a 200-page book, and I frequently stopped to extract it from my pannier in attempts to find alternate routes. The pollution stung my lungs and eyes the first day, but I seemed to adapt afterwards.

   Joining forces with the local bike activists, I rode Wednesday night with the Bicitekas, a group advocating expanded bike rights within the city. Starting at 9:30PM, a team of almost 100 cyclists took over two lanes of traffic and rode through the city until 1AM. Watch the two videos on the left to get a sense of the ride. The following day, I visited a sustainable-transportation organization where one of the cyclists I met works, and I watched a presentation on potential future bike lanes in the city.

The Bicitekas - a bicycle revolution
Someone got a flat, so all the bicitekas stopped
Jesus suggests a bicycle network through Mexico City

   To be sure, some people do use bicycles in the city. I have a running survey going. When I pass a cyclist, I ask them why they ride, and why there aren’t more cyclists on the roads, and if they have been in an accident. Most say they ride because it is faster for short distances, and that others don’t ride because they are scared, don’t think of it, or are just plain lazy. Most also say they have gotten in some type of accident with a car. Other people, like one man biking and carrying a ladder, replied, ‘can’t you see I’m trying to work right now?’ and kept cycling.

Man on street, calling for naked bicycling.

   While biking around town, I did meet one man promoting a naked bike ride in June. I’m not sure how this will help the cause.

   Bicycles are not for everyone, but they are for more people than currently use them. We are supposed to get some form of exercise every day. What if we used this exercise for part of our daily errand running? Biking to town or walking to the store? Not only would we use far less gasoline, but we would be healthier, and we would actually have more time, as we would be combining exercise and commuting. Americans are far overweight, and Mexicans are following us. I ask you this: support bicycle lanes and other bike-friendly infrastructure in your town, even if you plan not to use it. (You can read a scientific paper showing how much better off we would be here).

   I also visited the National Institute of Ecology, where I talked to those working with the government to account for Mexico’s greenhouse gas emissions. Mexico, unlike the U.S., has signed the Kyoto Protocal, but does not yet have to reduce emissions because it is a poorer country. At the institute, I met with a woman who is in charge of categorizing the ‘co-benefits’ of reduced use of fossil fuels. In other words, there are many benefits other than a better climate from reducing our use of fossil fuels. The health benefits I listed above are one co-benefit. Another is the ability to improve the horrible air-quality in Mexico City. And the political benefits of not needing oil are also great (I’ll talk about that in Venezuela).

Mexico City used to be an island

   I spent my last three days in the city as a tourist. Mexico City was built by the Spaniards on top of a seasonal lake and the ruins of the Aztec civilization. I visited the ruins of the former Aztec temple, I walked through the anthropology museum, and I visited the pyramids of Teotihuacan (photo on right). Now the descendents of these civilizations walk the streets here in Mexico City, mixed with the descendents of the Spanish conquerors. There is something strange about a massive city that has entirely covered both a natural lake and a former civilization. The reporter I stayed with the last three nights claimed that this gave the city a unique energy.

At the National Anthropology Museum
Ruins of Aztec Temple next to the Mexico City Cathedral
Teotihuacan Ruins - Pyramid of the Sun, taken from the Pyramid of the Moon
Smog makes sunsets prettier
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   I finally left Mexico City, departing on a road that cuts between two 18,000 ft volcanoes (named Popocatepetl and Iztacihuatl). Almost 500 years earlier, Hernan Cortez, the Spanish conquistador, traveled over this pass with a small army and invaded the Aztec capital. Now the pass is a nice place to bicycle.

5 Responses to “Mexico City and Bicycles”

  1. steph greene says:

    geez, dave, ONLY 3052 miles so far?! no, but really…holy shizzle!! i love the newspaper article in mexico city. and the smiling schoolkids – looks like you’re making quite an impact.

  2. julia says:

    Just wanted to throw in 2 cents worth of info on Mexico City’s transportation. As I understand it, in the 1980s, the government attempted to reduce air pollution by allowing cars to be driven only on alternate days, issuing stickers based on which day the car could be driven. But this law caused people to buy two old junkers, and getting the MWF sticker for one, and the TTS sticker for the other. This way of dodging the regulation had the perverse effect of worsening air pollution, and older cars were kept on the roads longer. In general, most air pollution is caused by a very small percentage of the fleet, and so taking the dirtiest cars off the road can effect big improvements in air quality.
    Of course, CO2 is a rather different beast than most air pollutants, in that the amount of CO2 produced depends more on the amount of gas used, rather than the technology used in the catalytic converter. But the car regulation does show that we need to think carefully about how to implement policies encouraging reductions in CO2 production, so that we don’t inadvertently make things worse. Fortunately for us, a lot of people already have thought long and hard about this problem, and proposed a cohesive group of policies to curb global CO2 production. Hint: its initials are KP…

  3. Matt Reidenbach says:

    Hey Dave,

    You’re lookin’ good there hot stuff. Nice shot in the papers.

    You have a large following here in Berkeley of your travels. I’ve been passing your website along to others and they are all super impressed and inspired. Keep up the good work.

    Matt

  4. Gail Chaid says:

    Dear Dave:
    Wow! I’m impressed with how far you ave gone and
    how many people you have visited along the way.
    What a great trip. Thank you for your message for our students at Independence High School Planetarium about your trip and about climate change. I just returned from Fairbanks,Alaska where I talked with people at the University of Alaska in the Geophysical Department. They can definately see and track climate change there. I talked with one scienctist on the return flight home who works in Menlo Park at USGS and she is doing research on the permafrost. There are drastic signs of climate change in the polar regions that we just don’t see that much in the
    connected 48 states of the USA. At UAF there is a combined effort with Japan and the US at the Arctic Ice Research Institute to study the dramatic changes in climate. Your efforts bring a personal touch to what should be a global concern. We follow your trip wlith great interest.
    Gail Chaid
    Planetarium Director

  5. CINDY says:

    keep up the good work! we the University high kids got ur back! lol

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